Which Of The Following Is A Myogenic Factor That Influences Blood Flow? (2023)

1. Physiology, Cardiovascular - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf

  • When blood flow becomes decreased to an organ, arterioles dilate to reduce resistance. Myogenic theory: Myogenic regulation is intrinsic to the vascular smooth ...

  • The cardiovascular system provides blood supply throughout the body. By responding to various stimuli, it can control the velocity and amount of blood carried through the vessels. The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries. The heart and vessels work together intricately to provide adequate blood flow to all parts of the body. The regulation of the cardiovascular system occurs via a myriad of stimuli, including changing blood volume, hormones, electrolytes, osmolarity, medications, adrenal glands, kidneys, and much more. The parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems also play a key role in the regulation of the cardiovascular system.[1][2][3]

2. Physiology, Cerebral Autoregulation - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf

  • Mar 15, 2023 · As mentioned in the introductory remarks, four mechanisms regulate cerebral blood flow: myogenic, neurogenic, endothelial, and metabolic ...

  • Cerebral autoregulation is the ability of the cerebral vasculature to maintain stable blood flow despite changes in blood pressure (or, more accurately, cerebral perfusion pressure).[1] Under normal circumstances, cerebral blood flow is regulated through changes in arteriolar diameter, which, in turn, drive changes in cerebrovascular resistance following the Hagen-Poiseuille equation. [2] Although decades of research have illuminated some underpinning mechanisms, the exact molecular means underlying autoregulation remain elusive. Various processes, including myogenic, neurogenic, endothelial, and metabolic responses, have been implicated in mediating cerebral vasomotor reactions.

3. Resistance to Blood Flow - Cardiovascular Physiology Concepts

  • Sympathetic adrenergic influences acting through vascular alpha-adrenoceptors cause resistance vessels and veins to be partially constricted under basal ...

  • Home

4. Role of Coronary Myogenic Response in Pressure-Flow Autoregulation in ...

  • May 1, 2018 · Myogenic responses (pressure-dependent contractions) of coronary arterioles play a role in autoregulation (relatively constant flow vs.

  • Myogenic responses (pressure-dependent contractions) of coronary arterioles play a role in autoregulation (relatively constant flow vs. pressure). Publications on myogenic reactivity in swine coronaries vary in caliber, analysis, and degree of responsiveness. Further, data on myogenic responses and autoregulation in swine have not been completely compiled, compared, and modeled. Thus, it has been difficult to understand these physiological phenomena. Our purpose was to: (a) analyze myogenic data with standard criteria; (b) assign results to diameter categories defined by morphometry; and (c) use our novel multiscale flow model to determine the extent to which ex vivo myogenic reactivity can explain autoregulation in vivo. When myogenic responses from the literature are an input for our model, the predicted coronary autoregulation approaches in vivo observations. More complete and appropriate data are now available to investigate the regulation of coronary blood flow in swine, a highly relevant model for human physiology and disease.

5. TRPV1 in arteries enables a rapid myogenic tone - bioRxiv

  • Feb 27, 2021 · These vessels possess the intrinsic capacity to sense changes in local blood pressure and adjust their caliber to stabilize blood flow. This ...

  • Arterioles maintain blow flow by adjusting their diameter in response to changes in local blood pressure. In this process called the myogenic response, a vascular smooth muscle mechanosensor controls tone predominantly through altering the membrane potential. In general, myogenic responses occur slowly, reaching a plateau in minutes. In the heart and skeletal muscle, however, myogenic tone is rapid; activation occurs in tens of seconds and arterial constrictions or raised extravascular pressure as brief as 100 ms remove tone. Previously, we identified extensive expression of TRPV1 in the smooth muscle of arterioles supplying skeletal muscle, heart and the adipose. Here we reveal a critical role for TRPV1 in the myogenic tone of these tissues. TRPV1 antagonists dilated skeletal muscle arterioles in vitro and in vivo , increased coronary flow in isolated hearts, and transiently decreased blood pressure. All of these effects of TRPV1 antagonists were abolished by genetic disruption of TRPV1. Stretch of isolated vascular smooth muscle cells, or raised intravascular pressure in arteries (with or without endothelium), triggered Ca2+ signaling and vasoconstriction. The majority of these stretch-responses were TRPV1-mediated, with the remaining tone being inhibited by the TRPM4 antagonist, 9-phenantrol. Notably, tone developed more quickly in arteries from wild-type compared with TRPV1-null mice. Furthermore, the rapid vasodilation following brief constriction of arterioles was also dependent on TRPV1, consistent with a rapid deactivation or inactivation of TRPV1. Pharmacologic experiments revealed that membrane stretch activates a phospholipase C/protein kinase C signaling pathway to activate TRPV1, and in turn, L-type Ca2+ channels. These results suggest a critical role, for TRPV1 in the dynamic regulation of myogenic tone and blood flow in the heart and skeletal muscle. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

6. Which Of The Following Hormones Will Lower Blood Pressure

  • May 5, 2023 · Which of the following is a myogenic factor that influences blood flow? a. stretch of vascular smooth muscle b. epinephrine from the adrenal ...

  • Which of the following hormones would most likely induce a lowering of blood pressure? a. angiotensin II b. epinephrine and norepinephrine c. antidiuretic hormone (ADH) d. atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) d. atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) How can baroreceptors help maintain blood pressure homeo

7. [PDF] Chapter 19 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels

  • • Influence blood flow and blood pressure. Tunics. • Tunica externa (tunica ... • Blood flow to venous plexuses below skin surface regulates body temperature.

8. Regulation of renal blood flow: Video & Anatomy - Osmosis

  • Which of the following changes will likely be observed in the glomerular ... influence sensitivity of the tubuloglomerular feedback" Frontiers in Physiology ...

  • Regulation of renal blood flow Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Regulation of renal blood flow.

9. The meaning of blood pressure | Critical Care | Full Text

  • Oct 11, 2018 · Regulation of arterial pressure occurs through changes in cardiac output and changes in vascular resistance, but these two controlled variables ...

  • Measurement of arterial pressure is one of the most basic elements of patient management. Arterial pressure is determined by the volume ejected by the heart into the arteries, the elastance of the walls of the arteries, and the rate at which the blood flows out of the arteries. This review will discuss the three forces that determine the pressure in a vessel: elastic, kinetic, and gravitational energy. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of the distribution of arterial resistances, the elastance of the walls of the large vessels, and critical closing pressures in small arteries and arterioles. Regulation of arterial pressure occurs through changes in cardiac output and changes in vascular resistance, but these two controlled variables can sometimes be in conflict.

10. Homeostatic Regulation of the Vascular System - Lumen Learning

  • Rather, these are local, self-regulatory mechanisms that allow each region of tissue to adjust its blood flow—and thus its perfusion. These local mechanisms ...

  • By the end of this section, you will be able to:

11. Factors which affect peripheral vascular resistance

  • Jul 20, 2020 · Systemic vascular resistance is one of the major regulatory mechanisms which control blood pressure, and its main determinants are the ...

  • Systemic vascular resistance is one of the major regulatory mechanisms which control blood pressure, and its main determinants are the length of the blood vessels, the viscosity of the blood and the radius of the vessels. Arterioles of around 200μm diameter tend to produce most of the resistance in the systemic circulation. Their radius is under control by systemic events (eg. the arterial baroreceptor reflex) as well as a host of locally acting mechanisms.

12. Strain vessel hypothesis: a viewpoint for linkage of albuminuria ... - Nature

  • Jan 16, 2009 · ... influenced by the hemodynamics of large arteries. Unlike other small vessels in peripheral circulation in which blood flow and pressure are ...

  • Albuminuria is closely associated with stroke and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as well as the salt sensitivity of blood pressure (BP). Although albuminuria may reflect generalized endothelial dysfunction, there may be more specific hemodynamic mechanisms underlying these associations. Cerebral hemorrhage and infarction occur most frequently in the area of small perforating arteries that are exposed to high pressure and that have to maintain strong vascular tone in order to provide large pressure gradients from the parent vessels to the capillaries. Analogous to the perforating arteries are the glomerular afferent arterioles of the juxtamedullary nephrons. Hypertensive vascular damage occurs first and more severely in the juxtamedullary glomeruli. Therefore, albuminuria may be an early sign of vascular damages imposed on ‘strain vessels’ such as perforating arteries and juxtamedullary afferent arterioles. Coronary circulation also occurs under unique hemodynamic conditions, in which the entire epicardial segments are exposed to very high pressure with little flow during systolic phases. From the evolutionary point of view, we speculate that such circulatory systems in the vital organs are mandatory for survival under the danger of hypoperfusion due to difficult access to salt and water as well as high risks of wound injuries. In addition, albuminuria would indicate an impairment of renal medullary circulation, downstream from the juxtamedullary glomeruli, and therefore an impaired pressure natriuresis, which would lead to salt sensitivity of BP. Our ‘strain vessel hypothesis’ may explain why hypertension and diabetes, unforeseen in the concept of evolution, preferentially affect vital organs such as the brain, heart and kidney.

13. Increased skin blood flow during low intensity vibration in human ... - PLOS

  • Low intensity vibration produced acute increases in skin blood flow mediated in part by vascular control mechanisms of myogenic origin. ... influences the blood ...

  • Aim Investigate the immediate effect of low intensity vibration on skin blood flow and its underlying control mechanisms in healthy human participants. Materials and methods One-group pre-post design in a university laboratory setting. Nine adults underwent two bouts of 10-minute vibration (30Hz, peak acceleration 0.4g). Outcome measures include skin blood flow, and skin temperature on the right foot. To examine the control mechanisms underlying the vibration-induced blood flow response, SHORT-TIME Fourier analyses were computed to obtain the spectral densities for three frequency bands: metabolic (0.0095–0.02Hz), neurogenic (0.02–0.06Hz), and myogenic (0.06–0.15Hz). Non-parametric Friedman’s tests were computed to compare changes of the outcome measures and control mechanisms over the course of vibration. Results Vibration increased skin blood flow during both bouts of vibration, however the effect did not last after vibration was terminated. Myogenic spectral density increased during both bouts of vibration, whereas the metabolic and neurogenic spectral densities increased only during the 2nd bout of vibration. Interestingly, only the metabolic spectral density remained elevated after vibration ended. Conclusion Low intensity vibration produced acute increases in skin blood flow mediated in part by vascular control mechanisms of myogenic origin. Further investigation is warranted to determine whether low intensity vibration induces similar increases in skin blood flow in populations prone to developing chronic non-healing wounds, such as spinal cord injury and diabetes.

14. Coronary blood flow | BJA Education - Oxford Academic

  • Apr 1, 2005 · Factors influencing the vasomotor tone · Myocardial metabolism · Autoregulation · Nervous control · Humoral control · Vascular endothelium.

  • Abstract. The heart has the highest oxygen consumption per tissue mass of all human organs. The resting coronary blood flow is ∼250 ml min−1 (0.8 ml min−1 g−1 o

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Margart Wisoky

Last Updated: 20/11/2023

Views: 6108

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (78 voted)

Reviews: 93% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Margart Wisoky

Birthday: 1993-05-13

Address: 2113 Abernathy Knoll, New Tamerafurt, CT 66893-2169

Phone: +25815234346805

Job: Central Developer

Hobby: Machining, Pottery, Rafting, Cosplaying, Jogging, Taekwondo, Scouting

Introduction: My name is Margart Wisoky, I am a gorgeous, shiny, successful, beautiful, adventurous, excited, pleasant person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.